Cmpgroup2lecturenotesapr7

Stan Kosilesky

Lying.

  • Kant says it is never okay to lie.
    • If you lie to anyone, you're hurting society; Lying takes away someone else's freedom
    • Trust is the foundation of society.
    • Lying is the worst ethical sin.
    • Two duties never conflict.
    • Once it is your duty, it is always your duty with no exception.
    • We have a duty to tell the truth
      • Duty to protect friends conflicts with your duty to tell the truth.
        • In a perfect world, murders won't show up at the door asking for your friends.
  • Utilitarians have a hard time dealing with lying.
    • When conflict in duties arise, we turn into utilitarians.
    • Choose to do the choice that does the most good.
    • No difference between killing and let die.
    • Character.
  • The decision to lie or tell the truth does matter.
  • Deontologists - care about principles, duties, and intention. Not about the consequence.
  • Kant is a Deontologist.
    • Good-in-itself.
    • Good inherently.
    • Happiness - evdaimonia. (The good life - good character.)
  • Categorical Imperative.
    • The rule that tells how to make moral rules.
    • Generates maxims: life principles/rules that tell you what to do in certain situations.
  • Normatively.
    • Imperative.
      • Hypothetical - If you will x, then do y.
      • Categorical - Do this no matter what.

-Kant says that humans are goal-driven beings, and that happiness is the universal goal

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