Cmpgroup2plato Stheoryofethcis

Nuta Ngangana
Plato's Theory of Ethics

Summary

Platos theory of Ethics had a series of explanations. He took many things into consideration as he stated this theory. For example, Plato believed each individuals moral values were determined by the individuals current circumstances in life. He also believed there was a strong connection between humans values and the entire universe. Everything we do has a consequence that leads to a chain of results. For this reason Plato believed rigorous scientific training was necessary for leaders of each society, so that the values of that area would not be corrupted by human error. However, Plato establishes a “hierarchy among the virtues with wisdom” in the Republic. Ethics can not be entirely based on intellectual knowledge because humans have the tendency to use their emotions and desires in their decision making. Humans also have preferences. For this reason, the definition of ethics will constantly have a loose forever changing definition. This reasoning resulted in Plato’s creation of the theory of the Forms. Plato wanted to make a vague universal feature that could be held in everyone. Like a common belief or description held true for all. Plato developed this perspective so his definitions of ethics would not be constricted to one meaning which could be contradicted by other peoples convictions or beliefs.Plato also used the theory of recollection to help explain his theory of ethic's. Here he searched for "models of morality that was beyond the limits of everyday experiences." Plato explained the theory of recollection by saying “As the whole of nature is akin, and the soul has learned everything, nothing prevents a man, after recalling one thing only — a process men call learning — discovering everything else for himself, if he is brave and does not tire of the search, for searching and learning, are, as a whole, recollection (anamnesis)." The theory of Forms and the theory of recollection both came up a lot together in the reading. Later he began to talk about the virtues of the soul and the souls rewards or punishments one would receive after death based on ones actions in life.

Connection to Class

I thought Plato's explanation of the benefits or punishments our souls recieve in the after life (based on our actions on earth) went along with the "divine comand" theory we learned in class. In the Divine Command it simply explains ethics by saying we are suppose to live our lives the way God commands it. And all things are good that God says are good. I also thought ethical egoism had a connection to some of the things in Plato's theory of ethics because it tied in with people making decisions on what was best for themselves. Plato believed some leaders were corrupted with their own interest at hand (ethical egoism) which interfered with the morality of the decisions and laws they created. Thats why he believe each leader should go through rigorous training.

Questions for the Class:

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