Cmpgroup3lecturenotesapr12

Hey i was absent the day our group picked the small group assignments so professor allred just told me to pick what i wanted and see if anyone else is doing it, so im choosing the rights topic. Please let me know if someone already has this topic!! thanks!
-Annie M

Today in class we discussed Ross and Kant's views of duties.

Ross-deontologist, not nearly as important as kant but similar to Kant
Kant-does not believe duties ever conflict
Utilitarians- do not believe in duties, duties are just heuristic principles

Ross- believes duties DO come in conflict (ethics more flexible than Kants)

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE(applies at all times—then do Y)

  • explains duties in maxim terms
  • maxims are life principles that tell you what to do in a given situation
  • The categorical imperative is a rule that tells us what maxims are moral and which aren't

HYPOTHETICAL IMPERATIVE(doesn't apply to everyone, at all times)

  • If you will/want X, then do Y
  • Kant believes there is only one hypothetical imperative for everyone, which is happiness

Two things that set up a categorical imperative

  1. Happiness
  2. everyone reasons to get happy

1.Act only on those maxims that I will be universalized (apply to everyone, always)
ex. lie to people if it benefits me (not universal)wouldn't want people lying to me
Kant believes monogamy is universal
1.b Laws of Nature
ex. Law of gravity(cannot break it)—universal laws

2. Respect others/treat others only as ends, never merely as means
—all rational beings

3. Kingdom of Ends/ (kingdom of Heaven)
—everyone freely chooses to treat others with respect (act as though you're already a part of that society ((heaven))

4. Autonomy—self rule (giving yourself the law)/Heteronomy rule from someone else
—if your not brave enough to take responsibility for your actions, don't do it.

Ross-intuitionism
Prima facie duties (at first glance)

  • duties you probably have
  • Ross agrees with Kant that prima facie duties never conflict

Actual duties (in this situation, which is the most important)

Kantbases it on REASON
Ross
bases it on INTUITION (what seems/feels right in our gut)
Ross isn't utilitarianism—more flexible

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