Today in class we continued with out discussion of the online reading: Bentham, from "Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation," Chapters 1,2,7,8.

We began with some general questions from the reading, and the answers we came up with are as listed.

How did Bentham define punishment?
1. As a physical evil
2. something that harms/hurts you

-Bentham meant, something is happening to you that you do not want to, but it is thought that you did it.
-The evil being done to you is a result of your own actions.
-Doing something bad to someone, but doing it for a reason.

What's the effect punishment should produce?
1. deterr (from committing future crimes)
2. rehabilitation
(NOTE: Bentham was one of the people responsible for our prison systems.)

One of Bentham's main points was to make sure that whatever harm you do is justified by the good that comes out of it.
-An example of that could be parents making sure their kids get vaccinated. It causes physical harm, but in the long run it will keep the child healthy and it is for their own good.


Pain and Pleasure:
We feel pain because it is our warning system. You pull away from it
Pleasure is something we like to do because its pleasurable. sensory system uses that information to tell your body what to do.
*we avoid pain to seek out pleasure; should we do the things that we find pleasure in

Principle of Aceticism:
(deontology—- traditional Judeo-Christian Ethics)
(NOTE: Ascetic means people who deny themselves pleasure).

A lot of people think being moral is about denying yourself pleasure because it's "what's right," but really you do it because there's a good reason, a better/higher pleasure.

(A person who lives for pleasure, looking for short term pleasure)

Epicurus- really emphasized having a life that would give you pleasure
-says the point is to be smart about our pleasure.

1. Intensity (how much?): how good does it feel
2. Certainty: you know what will pleasure you
3. Duration: the time it meets your pleasure
4. Cost (pain/pleasure)

Hedonic Calculus: we like some things more than others

Also, I sort of was confused on the Hedonic Calculus topic? Just wondering if anyone understood that part because I did not add it to these notes yet? Thanks.
- i looked over these notes and they were basically the same as mine but i just added some meaning or definitions to some. The Hedonic Calculus I'm not sure about thats the only thing i had wrote down.—Misty

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