-Is telling the truth a duty?
-Taking a moral stance
-disrespects your reasoning and sol if you lie
-Obligation to help everyone out
-Big difference between killing someone and letting someone die.
-Respect the highest vale.
-Duty to help your friend out but not to lie.


  • telling the truth is a duty


  • what kind of actions (x)
  • no obligation is stronger than the other
  • should not do something immoral (just tell the truth)
  • agency is very importiant
  • "Am I living up to my duties?"…if so, it is more importiant than outcomes.
  • Acting on good rules….how do you decide what is good?

Deontologist X (---——>) Y Utilitarian
intentions outcome

How many actions finalize the outcome?

Saving a childs life

  • are you responsible for them their whole life??

Individuals should try to improve the world themselves

Categorical Imperative - the principle/ rule that is used to generate moral rules/the principle that determines moral maxims.

Good-in-itself/Unqualifiedly good —- Good will.

Greeks = Happiness (eudaimonia = good character/good life)

Good Will - the disire to do the right thing.

Virtue isn't always good….

Respect is the highest value.

Most people don't want to be bad.

The happiness of an imoral person is horrible.

Hypothetical Imperative: Commands that depend on a hypothesis
If you will/want x, then do y.
-Can be put into chains
-Can work backwards from the end goal in order to reason actions

-Rational being (adaptive ability)
*Not like animals! (Kant)
*Ruled by a current state of being.

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