March 22nd Lecture Notes (pete crown)

-Today in class we continued our discussion on animal liberation. We talked about Singer, who had the same type of beliefs as Bentham did, that is, good is pleasure and bad is pain.

-Singer says that animals should be considered in ethical situations because they can suffer. The fact that they have a central nervous system makes it possible that they can determine between good and bad.

- Today in class we also talked about animal experimentation. Professor Allred pointed out that animals don't consent to us performing experiments on them. We just do it, regardless of what the animal may prefer. The fact of the matter is, that if animals can suffer, then animal experimentation and factory farming that limit the mobility and diminish the health of animals is completely unjust. The idea of mass farming is not a bad one, we noted that it is the way that we carry out the daily functions of these farms that is wrong.

- We also talked about anthropocentrism which is the belief that humans are the central and most significant entities in the universe. We talked about strong forms and weak forms of anthropocentrism. One man who was a strong anthropocentrist was Descartes. he was a dualist which he meant he believed in a separation of body and mind. He said that we have minds and animals don't.

- Feel free to add on

Anthropocentrism Views
-Strong: Descartes— Only humans matter
-Middle: Kant
-Weak: Cohen— Animals and plants matter but only because they effect humans

Speciesism is like racism and sexism because it favors one group over another. Usually only care about mammals, fish, and birds because they are the most similar to humans

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