Act and Rule
Act Utilitarianism is the utilitarian theory of ethics which states that the right action is the one which produces the greatest amount of happiness or pleasure for the greatest number of beings.

Rule Utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says actions are moral when they conform the rules that lead to the greatest good. For rule utilitarians, the correctness of a rule is determined by the amount of good it brings about when followed.

The differences between rule and act utilitarianism are as follows: the act utilitarian only considers the results or consequences of a single action whereas the rule utilitarian considers the consequences that result of following a rule of conduct.

for example if your taking an exam and you come accross a question you dont know and then realize you've got your review notes in your pocket, so now you've got the choice to try and sneak them out so you can cheat and receive a better grade.

An Act utilitarian would observe all the possible consequences for that single action but ultimately it would cause you the most happiness to cheat so you'd sneak it out of your pocket and give it a shot.

A rule utilitarian would think about how it would affect him in the future or in the long run. Much more affects in the long run would cause you to fail your exam

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