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Principle of Utility

Hedonism

Acting only for pleasure
(Epicurus believes in simple pleasures like jogging, instead of short term pleasures like drinking.)

Asceticism

Denying oneself pleasure, therefore feeling pain.


Bentham believes:

  • In utilitarianism.
  • A murderer or rapist does not deserve to die, for he believes in rehabilitation.
  • Punishment should serve a purpose.
  • Punishment depends on three factors:
  1. Offender has to do something evil.
  2. Offender has to do the crime intentionally.
  3. Someone has to think your guilty.
  • The principle of asceticism is opposite the principle of utility.
  • Outcomes matter more than intentions. (Utilitarianist)
  • The Hedonic Calculus (which he created)

Hedonic Calculus

Is essentially a scale that measure the amount of pleasure you get from something. The scale is based on six factors:

  1. intensity
  2. duration
  3. certainty
  4. propinquity (proximity, when I will get it)
  5. fecundity
  6. purity
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