two types:

  1. strong: Believes that all ethical duties are to humans. ( example: Not caring about global warming, because it does not directly effect humans.)
  2. weak: Believes that we might have ethical duties to non-human things, but only because those things matter to humans. ( example: We humans need to do something about the health condition of livestock, because their health can potentially have an effect on human health.)

  • Divine command theorist are a form of anthropocentrist.
  • Singer, "You can tell a lot about the heart of a man by how he treats an animal."
  • (Kant & Cohen) Believe that ethical rights depend on the capacity for mutual reciprocation/mutual recognition.
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