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Kant-Deontology
Kant believes that lying is wrong no matter what.

  • Is telling the truth your duty?

Lying abuses trust

  • What does Kant mean by duties?
  • Do we have a moral responsibility to help our friends?

*"I am my brothers keeper"

  • What makes people our friends?
                        • A special bond and trust that you have with someone which gives you a duty to help them.

X(---—>)Y (outcome)
Lie/Truth

Utilitarians believe there is no difference between killing and letting die.
* are concerned more with Y (outcome)
* For a Utilitarian if you tell the truth

My responsibility isn't the outcome, but am I living up to my duties (family, community etc) if so than this surpasses the outcome

Deontologist believe that there is a difference between killing and letting die.
* are more concerned with X.
* agency-principles/ rules and intentions
Kant believes that no obligation is strong than the other.

Categorical Imperative——the rule that I use to generate moral rules/the principle that determines moral maxims.

Good-in-itself/unqualifiedly good

  • Greeks believe Happiness (eudaimonia=good character/good life.
  • Virtue
                        • courage, intelligence, happiness, bravery
                        • Kant thinks virtue isn't always good.
                        • Intelligence is only good if you use it for good

A lie—->Even if its a good end in the lie it doesn't matter, because it disrespects us as moral agents

Hypothetical Imperative

  • if you will/want X, do Y.

<----——end state/goal=reason backwards

Everyone who is capable of reasoning matters which equals respect

The most important thing is your will

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