Cmpgroup8lecturenotesmar22

March 22 Lecture Notes

Main question: What kinds of being matter (eg. individual, entities, groups) do I need to take into consideration when making an ethical decision??

I.Anthropocentrism
a.) Strong— (Decartes)
b.) Weak— (Cohen)

A weak anthropocentrist believes that the only thing that matters is human being, regardless of everything
Singer was a strong anthropocentrist ( If you harm something you must be able to justify it)

II. Animal Rights/Liberation (Singer, Regan)
a.) Singer compares specism and specist (a specist is a person who is prejudiced to a certain species.) to racism, sexism & etc.

b.) Animals are like us because we have a nervous system and so do they.

c. We can feel pleasure and pain and so can other vertebrates, things like plants and bugs do not. Therefore singer isn't too concerned about them (plants, bugs).

Is the benefit derived from these things worth the cost?

Example that singer uses and refers back to is the eating of animals and the medical experimentation on animals

III. Dualist
a.) Body
b.) Mind

Decartes is a dualist

**The main point to know about a dualist is that we as humans have minds and animals don't.
**You don't feel pain in your body but in your mind

*Human beings have souls. Animals are just machine's because they just have a body. They do not have a soul.*
*Animals don't suffer because they don't have a soul*

Decartes was a 17th century scientist that performed vivisection (vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism while they are still alive)

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