Gilecture Notesmar29

__March 29th Lecture Notes -Jeff Piotrowski 1st draft

Establishing Self Conscioness of the World/Realization of Master Slave

-For Hegel Self consciousness needs to get at the substance, and knowledge needs mediation

- This is acomplished by Language which is seen as a temporal thing
- this becomes compared to documentive use such as writing which isn't meant to be temporal
-either way knowledge is acknowledged as being trafficked in language
-the problem is that how can one explain things of the past or how the world really is when spoken
language is temporal?

-this is shown by looking at

Empiricists vs. Rationalists
-pre-Kantian's need a Epistemology to form a base of knowledge

-Locke and the empiricists try to take sensation as foundation as it is the most immediate feeling
-But this is meaningless as pointed in the example that Descartes' actual ball of wax means nothing to
my feeling or knowledge of it at a a different time or place in the future

-Rationalists perceive truth by ideas like monads and mediation of with the use logic
-But this stance is full of assumptions that influence temporal truths
-For example if one writes down what time it is, in an hour that written down time would have been wrong
which for Hegel is a stale truth, as it wasn't wrong just outdated

-in either path both make claims of universalism of the Epistemology
-this is wrong as they are filled with processes that go against it
- This leads to Hegel using the The Phenomenology of Spirit as a way to reach a third more correct stance

The Better Parts Middle

-Philosophy wants to become a universal necessity but it has to deal with temporal ideas
-Hegel thought he could overcome this by showing the truth of both sides of different epistemologies
- He didn't want to merge the two just take the better of each
-The example is the hypothetical idea, Obama made a stance on politics while
Clinton attempted to merge ideas into the ones he had

-Hans-Georg Gadamer argues that this is supposed to target the Plato and Ancient Philosophy
-Hegel focuses on the idea the temporal intellect is always compositing the world but
it will always be different from the true essence
-It also seems to respond to Fichte who wanted philosophy to be systematic and thus become more
scientific like Plato
-This leads Hegel to go "radical" as he begins to question and go into ideas with non-epistemological basis

Questioning Epistemology

-Hegel easily points out that understanding any concept would always involve some knowledge forced or made by us
-So how does this play out when trying to understand a super sensible world or how the world really is?

-Hegel asks has the sensible world of reality always existed for the rationalist/empiricist, even before they knew what they know?
- This then asks the question, how big is the now? All encompassing? Infinitely Small?
- Time is seen as eternal but our temporal being only allows us to realize it for some of its "faces"
- Thus it becomes a question is the super sensible more real than our temporal experience

-Kant and Fichte could not overcome this dualism, but Hegel will use it show the seperation of the
temporal realization of the world and how it really is
-The problem for Hegel isn't the dualism but how one puts the dualism
back together and addresses their own self-consciousness

Master Slave Societal Problems

-First when looking at society for Hegel it seems one must look at the I, What about I?
-I is a future event always progressing to and desiring
-What is Desire?
-Life is desire, the notion of fulfilling a lack and trying to incoporate things into oneself
-In life and desire, mutual recognition becomes important as a desired thing

-This groundwork of life shows how Hegel will use the Master/Slave Dialectic
-Supposed to be based off of narratives and figures like Gilgamesh, Jacques the Fatalist, Don Giovanni, etc.

-How is recognition possible?
-One way is to be a slave or enslave someone else
- Using Language as the crucial communicator, Hegel argues culture comes into effect and being when the natural state
man fights another, and one uses language to stop the fight early becoming the other's slave
- Relies on the idea that natural man would fight each other and that man would agree to become a slave to save life
and that these new interactions are culture
-For Marx this idea is used to show that consent of labor by the slave was never given just taken
-Shows idea that the master will become fat, lazy, stupid, while slave will get more clever and smarter
-This then becomes for Marx why the workforce should rise up as they already do the work togehter they just need to
get rid of the head, "nothing to lose but chains"

-Going back to Hegel, one can see the master is only the master if the slave submits
-This showing of how the master always needs the slave, makes clear how societal culture needs recognition
-This distorts epistemologies of before, and leads Hegel into an array of distorting many ideas at first to make his ultimate claims

-Side Notes- Pioneer Day is July 24th and pancakes are plentiful and axe throwing is involved, and somehow pancakes are tmeporal. can't remember exactly how, but believe has something to do with their record of being eaten and not existing long

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