Group5 300 Word Paper On Moral Responsibility

Responsibility in Ethics

In surviving Greek texts responsibility in ethics is a concept of moral responsibility. In these texts, both human and superhuman people are often considered as targets of praise or blame on how they have behaved. Sometimes their behavior is excused because of some kind of factor that has affected their control. Some of these factors gave rise to fatalism, the view that one's future or some aspect of it is predetermined. Ex: by the gods, or the stars, or simply facts about truth and time, in such a way as to make one's choices and actions irrelevant to whether that particular thing comes true. Aristotle was the first to come up with explicitly, a theory of moral responsibility. Aristotle also says the concept of moral responsibility is sometimes only appropriate with an agent that has been praise or blame based on their actions and/or personality traits of the character. Aristotle wanted to discover witch conditions were necessary for praise and or blame. It is not exactly clear how to understand the notion of appropriate concepts in this responsibility. The issue of how best to understand the concept of moral responsibility is important, for it can strongly influence one's view of what, if any, philosophical problems might be associated with the notion, and further, if there are problems, what might count as a solution. The philosophical reflection on moral responsibility has relied upon one or two interpretations of the concept: 1) the merit-based view, according to which praise or blame would be an appropriate reaction toward the candidate if and only if she merits—in the sense of ‘deserves’—such a reaction; or 2) the consequentialist view, according to which praise or blame would be appropriate if and only if a reaction of this sort would likely lead to a desired change in the agent and/or her behavior. The future of moral responsibility is uncertain. On the one hand, there has been an interest in metaphysical treatments of freedom and moral responsibility in recent years.

This relates to what we have talked about in class by how consequentialist is an ethical egoism and utilitarian’s are the ones who want outcomes of actions. This is one of the approaches to Western Philosophy. How a person acts depends upon their future and how they are treated. One person might be blamed for not be skilled in certain areas that are required for a particular future but then others may be praised because of having all the opportunities they need.

Three questions:
1) What’s considered a superhuman?
2) What aspects make it a moral responsibility?
3) In what aspect is a person’s future predetermined?

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