Rickia Malone Rights

Rickia Malone
Phil 2400: 001 Contemporary Moral Problems
 The article briefly gives the diction of rights: Rights are entitlements (not) to perform certain actions or be in certain states, or entitlements that others (not) perform certain actions or be in certain states. Rights are the foundation of our way of life; they mode rules and laws, and shape perceptions of ideology. Since our rights are a broad topic, it’s easier to look at them in categories, such as whom (is alleged to have the right), what (actions or states or objects the asserted right pertains to), why (the right holder allegedly) has the right) How (the asserted right can be affected by the right holder's actions).
 As we look into a depth understanding of rights we draw to Wesley Hohfeld who discovered the four basic elements of rights known as privilege, (If one person has a claim right to something, another person has a duty to provide it)powers, (When a person has a claim right to something) liberty, (someone else has no claim to that person) immunity (exempts the right-holder from an action).
 Normative theorists conclude a distinguishing feature of rights that contradict each other by either being negative or positive. Protecting some form of human freedom or liberty, negative rights can be described as the right to privacy and the right not to be killed. These rights are called negative rights because such rights are a claim by one person that imposes a "negative" duty on all others. Positive rules fulfill basic principles of human’s prosperity such as health and education. These rights impose a “positive” duty of actively helping a person do or sustain something. It is predominately clear that positive and negative rights are aloof from one another, but they can conflict under what specificationist would attempt to address as unable to decide which right has priority. Certain situations pose different judgment that might be favorable than the other.
 These judgments are formatted to perceive what one believes, feels and wants. Moral rights, legal rights, and customary branch off into a normative claim that states how one should act known as rights of conduct. Along with the rights of conduct there are three other realms of rights as well. These are conduct, epistemic, affective, and conative rights, which contain only privileged rights, and exclude claims, powers, or immunities.

Connection to themes in class:
 According to Milford’s ideology about normative claims, we try to resemble normative claims as descriptive. A right entails duties, responsibilities and obligations on others, while ideology works as an infracture to form the basis of political, economic and normative claims about how the world should or ought to be.
 Ross states that it’s our best interest to follow rules no matter the consequences. He also believes that there’s no necessary conflict in abstract duties. Even if they do conflict with one another, use (intuition) of what the individuals duties are (use gut feeling) or belief, feeling and wants.
 For a utilitarian duty is just a heuristic principle. Mills diction of right in accordance depicts that rights aren’t a questable issue; if they produce suitable outcomes that benefits the society as a whole.
 Kant considers that we look at duties and rules and encourages us to follow them. Kant is also a rationalist who believes that duties can’t come into conflict.

1. By what right do we think of ourselves as free?
2. Which rights are characteristics of naturalistic fallacy?
3. Are rights guarantees to the success of actions?

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